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Venus: Facts & Figures
Discovered By
Known by the Ancients
Date of Discovery
Unknown
Average Distance from the Sun
Metric: 108,208,930 km
English: 67,237,910 miles
Scientific Notation: 1.0820893 x 108 km (.723332 A.U.)
By Comparison: 0.723 x Earth
Perihelion (closest)
Metric: 107,476,000 km
English: 66,782,000 miles
Scientific Notation: 1.07476 x 108 km (0.718 A.U.)
By Comparison: 0.730 x Earth
Aphelion (farthest)
Metric: 108,942,000 km
English: 67,693,000 miles
Scientific Notation: 1.08942 x 108 km (0.728 A.U.)
By Comparison: 0.716 x Earth
Equatorial Radius
Metric: 6,051.8 km
English: 3,760.4 miles
Scientific Notation: 6.0518 x 103 km
By Comparison: 0.9488 x Earth
Equatorial Circumference
Metric: 38,025 km
English: 23,627 miles
Scientific Notation: 3.8025 x 104 km
Volume
Metric: 928,400,000,000 km3
Scientific Notation: 9.284 x 1011 km3
By Comparison: 0.88 x Earth's
Mass
Metric: 4,868,500,000,000,000,000,000,000 kg
Scientific Notation: 4.8685 x 1024 kg
By Comparison: 0.815 x Earth
Density
Metric: 5.24 g/cm3
By Comparison: Comparable to the average density of the Earth.
Surface Area
Metric: 460,200,000 km2
English: 177,700,000 square miles
Scientific Notation: 4.602 x 108 km2
By Comparison: 0.902 x Earth
Equatorial Surface Gravity
Metric: 8.87 m/s2
English: 29.1 ft/s2
By Comparison: If you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would weigh 91 pounds on Venus.
Escape Velocity
Metric: 37,300 km/h
English: 23,200 mph
Scientific Notation: 1.036 x 104 m/s
By Comparison: 0.927 x Earth
Sidereal Rotation Period (Length of Day)
-243 Earth days (retrograde)
-5832 hours (retrograde)
By Comparison: 244 x Earth
Sidereal Orbit Period (Length of Year)
0.615 Earth years
224.7 Earth days
By Comparison: 0.615 x Earth
Mean Orbit Velocity
Metric: 126,077 km/h
English: 78,341 mph
Scientific Notation: 35,021.4 m/s
By Comparison: 1.176 x Earth
Orbital Eccentricity
.0068
By Comparison: 0.405 x Earth
Orbital Inclination to Ecliptic
3.39 degrees
Equatorial Inclination to Orbit
177.3 degrees
By Comparison: 7.56 x Earth
Orbital Circumference
Metric: 675,300,000 km
English: 419,600,000 miles
Scientific Notation: 6.753 x 108 km
By Comparison: 0.731 x Earth
Minimum/Maximum Surface Temperature
Metric: 462 °C
English: 864 °F
Scientific Notation: 735 K
Atmospheric Constituents
Carbon Dioxide, Nitrogen
Scientific Notation: CO2, N2
By Comparison: Earth's atmosphere consists mostly of N2 and O2.
CO2 is largely responsible for the Greenhouse Effect and is used for carbonation in beverages.
N2 is 80% of Earth's air and is a crucial element in DNA.
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