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Jupiter: Facts & Figures
Discovered By
Known by the Ancients
Date of Discovery
Unknown
Average Distance from the Sun
Metric: 778,412,020 km
English: 483,682,810 miles
Scientific Notation: 7.7841202 x 108 km (5.20336 A.U.)
By Comparison: 5.203 x Earth
Perihelion (closest)
Metric: 740,742,600 km
English: 460,276,100 miles
Scientific Notation: 7.407426 x 108 km (4.952 A.U.)
By Comparison: 5.036 x Earth
Aphelion (farthest)
Metric: 816,081,400 km
English: 507,089,500 miles
Scientific Notation: 8.160814 x 108 km (5.455 A.U.)
By Comparison: 5.366 x Earth
Equatorial Radius
Metric: 71,492 km
English: 44,423 miles
Scientific Notation: 7.1492 x 104 km
By Comparison: 11.209 x Earth
Equatorial Circumference
Metric: 449,197 km
English: 279,118 miles
Scientific Notation: 4.49197 x 105 km
Volume
Metric: 1,425,500,000,000,000 km3
English: 342,000,000,000,000 mi3
Scientific Notation: 1.4255 x 1015 km3
By Comparison: 1316 x Earth
Mass
Metric: 1,898,700,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 kg
Scientific Notation: 1.8987 x 1027 kg
By Comparison: 317.82 x Earth
Density
Metric: 1.33 g/cm3
By Comparison: 0.241 x Earth
Surface Area
Metric: 62,179,600,000 km2
English: 24,007,700,000 square miles
Scientific Notation: 6.21796 x 1010 km2
By Comparison: 121.9 x Earth
Equatorial Surface Gravity
Metric: 20.87 m/s2
English: 68.48 ft/s2
By Comparison: If you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would weigh 214 pounds on Jupiter.
Escape Velocity
Metric: 214,300 km/h
English: 133,200 mph
Scientific Notation: 59,540 m/s
By Comparison: 5.33 x Earth
Sidereal Rotation Period (Length of Day)
0.41354 Earth days
9.925 hours
By Comparison: 0.4147 x Earth
Sidereal Orbit Period (Length of Year)
11.8565 Earth years
4330.6 Earth days
Mean Orbit Velocity
Metric: 47,051 km/h
English: 29,236 mph
Scientific Notation: 13,069.7 m/s
By Comparison: 0.0439 x Earth
Orbital Eccentricity
.04839
By Comparison: 2.90 x Earth
Orbital Inclination to Ecliptic
1.305 degrees
Equatorial Inclination to Orbit
3.12 degrees
By Comparison: 0.0178 x Earth
Orbital Circumference
Metric: 4,774,000,000 km
English: 2,996,000,000 miles
Scientific Notation: 4.774 x 109 km
By Comparison: 5.165 x Earth
Effective Temperature
Metric: -148 °C
English: -234 °F
Scientific Notation: 125 K
Atmospheric Constituents
Hydrogen, Helium
Scientific Notation: H2, He
Jupiter's Moons
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